# Maximum Points You Can Obtain from Cards - LeetCode 1423

Published on August 19, 2024

A brand new Monday, let's torture ourselves a little bit, with this leetcode problem. Last week was a week of learning redux and learning how to write tests.

## The problem

There are several cards **arranged in a row**, and each card has an associated number of points. The points are given in the integer array cardPoints.

In one step, you can take one card from the beginning or from the end of the row. You have to take exactly k cards.

Your score is the sum of the points of the cards you have taken.

Given the integer array cardPoints and the integer k, return the *maximum score* you can obtain.

### Example 1

**Input:** cardPoints = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 1], k = 3**Output:** 12

#### Explanation

**Initial Setup:**- You can pick cards from either end of the array.
- Your goal is to maximize the sum of the k cards you pick.

**Strategy:**- To maximize the score, you need to consider the sum of the cards you can pick from both ends.
- Here, k = 3, so you need to pick 3 cards.

**Possible Choices:**- You can pick the first 3 cards: [1, 2, 3] → Sum = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6
- You can pick the last 3 cards: [5, 6, 1] → Sum = 5 + 6 + 1 = 12
- You can pick 2 cards from the start and 1 from the end: [1, 2, 1] → Sum = 1 + 2 + 1 = 4
- You can pick 1 card from the start and 2 from the end: [1, 6, 1] → Sum = 1 + 6 + 1 = 8

**Optimal Choice:**- The optimal strategy is to pick the last 3 cards: [6, 5, 1] → Sum = 6 + 5 + 1 = 12

**Example 2**

Input: cardPoints = [2,2,2], k = 2

Output: 4

Explanation: Regardless of which two cards you take, your score will always be 4.

**Example 3**

Input: cardPoints = [9,7,7,9,7,7,9], k = 7

Output: 55

Explanation: You have to take all the cards. Your score is the sum of points of all cards.

**Constraints**

- 1 <= cardPoints.length <= 105
- 1 <= cardPoints[i] <= 104
- 1 <= k <= cardPoints.length

## Intuition

This problem can be approached using a sliding window technique.

## Approach

Initially, I thought of using a typical sliding window algorithm to take k cards at a time from the start of the array to the end. However, the problem requires taking exactly k cards from either the beginning or the end of the array.

Upon re-reading the problem statement, I realized that we need to consider the following:

- Take a contiguous subarray of length k from the start.
- Take a contiguous subarray of length k from the end.
- Take some cards from the beginning and some from the end to form a total of k cards.

To solve this, we:

- Calculate the sum of the first k cards.
- Use a sliding window to replace cards from the beginning with cards from the end, one by one, and keep track of the maximum sum.

## Complexity

**Time complexity**:

The first loop takes k steps, and the second loop also takes k steps, resulting in a total time complexity of O(2k), which simplifies to O(k).**Space complexity**:

The space complexity is O(1) because the space used by the algorithm does not depend on the size of the input array.

index.ts

```
function maxScore(cardPoints: number[], k: number): number {
let n = cardPoints.length; // Get the length of the cardPoints array
let currentSum = 0; // Initialize currentSum to store the sum of the first k cards
// Calculate the sum of the first k cards (initial sliding window)
for (let i = 0; i < k; i++) {
currentSum += cardPoints[i];
}
let maxNum = currentSum; // Initialize maxNum to the sum of the first k cards
// Use a sliding window to replace cards from the beginning with cards from the end
for (let i = 0; i < k; i++) {
// Update currentSum by removing the card from the beginning and adding the card from the end
currentSum = (currentSum - cardPoints[k - 1 - i]) + cardPoints[n - 1 - i];
// Update maxNum if the new currentSum is greater
maxNum = currentSum > maxNum ? currentSum : maxNum;
}
return maxNum; // Return the maximum sum of k cards
}
```

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